What Are Terpenoids, Exactly?

Well… a terpene is a naturally occurring hydrocarbon, based on combinations of the isoprene unit – produced by myriad plants, including cannabis.

Terpenoids are compounds related to terpenes – these two terms are often used interchangeably. Over 20 000 terpenoid compounds have been found throughout the plant kingdom thus far. Only around 200 have been identified in cannabis.

Terpenoids are primarily responsible for the distinct aroma and flavour of your bud – whatever terpenoid/s predominate within the organism determine the smell and taste of the produce, which is reminiscent of other plant organisms due to its genetic lineage. In addition, terpenoids have their own unique therapeutic effects.

Common Terpenoids

The following are the most commonly occurring terpenoids found in cannabis strains:

Also found in pine needles
Flavours: piney, rosemary-like
Therapeutic Effects: anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial, aids memory, bronchodilator (breathing aid)

Also found in echinacea
Flavours: citrus, oily, spicy
Therapeutic Effects: anti-inflammatory, gastric cytoprotectant (cell protectant)

- Advertisement -

Caryophyllene Oxide:
Also found in lemon balm
Flavours: clove, wood, peppery, spicy
Therapeutic Effects: anti-fungal

Also found in lemons
Flavours: citrus, juniper, lemon, peppermint, rosemary, tangerine
Therapeutic Effects: immune stimulant, anti-depressant, anti-anxiety

Also found in lavender
Flavours: candy spice, floral, herbal
Therapeutic Effects: anti-anxiety, anti-convulsant, sedative

Also found in hops
Flavours: acid, citrus, clove, fruity
Therapeutic Effects: anti-inflammatory, sedative, analgesic
FUN FACT: Hops and cannabis are both members of the same Cannabaceae plant family. (Unfortunately, hops do not contain any THC; however, they do possess similar terpenoids, which accounts for the similar flavour profiles found within cannabis and craft/IPA beers).

Recommended For You
'Kratom vs. Cannabis': A FAB Comparison Guide
Recommended For You
How Terpenes and Flavonoids Contribute to the Taste and Smell of Your Weed

Also found in oranges
Flavours: berry, floral, sweet, woody
Therapeutic Effects: sedative, anti-fungal, skin protectant

Also found in green tea
Flavours: creamy, earthy, floral, vanilla
Therapeutic Effects: anti-insomnia

Cannabis Flavour Palette: The terpenes in cannabis provide a multitude of diverse aromas and flavour profiles. Since taste actually uses the same olfactory senses as smell, we can break down all the main flavours in cannabis strains into five simple categories: (1) sour, (2) spicy, (3) sweet, (4) bitter, and (5) savoury. Each strain has its own unique combination of flavours, and this diagram breaks down the most common types.


Author: Mitch

Mitch Keys is a young writer from Brisbane, Australia unfolding in a dynamic process of becoming (like everyone else, so don’t go thinking he’s special or anything). He likes being alive.

Mitch Keys is a young writer from Brisbane, Australia unfolding in a dynamic process of becoming (like everyone else, so don’t go thinking he’s special or anything). He likes being alive.


Notify of
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments

[…] plant matter to worry about. A vaporiser can really help you appreciate the myriad phenotypes and terpenoids that help characterise your plant. Thanks to the aid of new technology, nuances of the plant have […]


[…] Twitter Pinterest WhatsApp ReddIt Previous articleWhat Are Terpenoids, Exactly?Next articleFooty Finals Ideal for SeedingMitchMitch Keys is a young writer from Brisbane, Australia […]

4 months ago
Recommended For You
10 Reasons to Treat Yourself to a Dry Herb Grinder

[…] Recommended For YouWhat Are Terpenoids, Exactly? […]

Oi! Give Us A Follow, Mate!


Subscribe to our newsletter

Keep up to date with Australia's leading Cannabis Publication subscribe to our monthly newsletter!
(We promise not to spam you!)

Latest Podcast Episode!

Must Read

PGR: The Toxic Chemicals in Your Marijuana

When we first published this article (June 25th, 2018),...

Buying Cannabis Seeds in Australia: A How-To Guide

This article is part of a series. You can catch...

The FAB Guide to Growing Cannabis Indoors in Australia: 2020 Edition

A True-Blue Indoor Grow So you want to grow some...

Latest Posts

APTUS Nutrients Dazzle Aussie Growers With Dank Yields

FIRE BUDS: APTUS Plant Tech Nutrients Making Shockwaves 'Down Under'The mass-importation of APTUS Plant Tech Nutrients to Australian markets...

Contrasting ‘Aussie Cannabis Culture’ With Legal Schemes Feat. Bec | Friendly Aussie Podcast – Episode 24

Our Friend Bec on the Big Differences Separating the 'Scenes' in Australia, the United States and Canada Let's face it... we may...

The Pro-Legalisation Pollies You Should Vote For in the 2020 Queensland State Election

Who Should Legalisation Advocates Vote For in the Upcoming Queensland State Election?
Recommended For You
'Kratom vs. Cannabis': A FAB Comparison Guide
With a particularly spooky general election occurring all...

Make It Legal, New Zealand! Feat. Sandra Murray | Friendly Aussie Podcast – Episode 23

If you are a New Zealand national... Make It Legal!VOTE YES in the Upcoming NZ Cannabis Referendum! In our conversation...
Would love your thoughts, please comment.x