In the past decade or so, our pale blue dot has seen several new legal developments concerning the production and consumption of cannabis. Millions have been already been lucky enough to experience abrupt shifts to how and where cannabis can be grown, sold and used, firsthand.
As more and more nations have moved towards the legalisation of cannabis and other mind-altering substances, we’ve seen entire industries erupt from underground markets.
Ten years ago, Afghanistan was the largest producer of cannabis; evaluated at 1,500-3,500 tons per year, as indicated by a UNODC report.
Somewhere in the range of 10,000 and 24,000 hectares of cannabis are processed each year in Afghanistan, with significant development happening in 17 out of 34 regions.
In 2018, Canada became the second nation on Earth to institute its own legal cannabis market.
Before the end of Q2 2019, legal cannabis inventories within the country had accumulated to 400 tons. Altogether, 5,884,055 bundled units of cannabis were sold nationwide for clinical and non-clinical purposes in 2019.
Top-notch strains – from Blueberry, to various Autoflower breeds – are among the favourites of the local growers, dispensaries and clinics.
In 2019, purchasers in Delhi and Mumbai bought 38.3 tons and 32.4 tons of cannabis, respectively.* This is despite the herbal medication remaining unlawful in these urban areas.
Cannabis is a staple of the Indian subcontinent; it is even acknowledged in various religious ceremonies, there. Marijuana is sold at Rs315 per gram in Delhi, and Rs329 per gram in Mumbai. In 2017, Uttarakhand became the primary Indian state for producing hemp plants – particularly for medicinal purposes.
* as indicated by information discharged by the Berlin-based information firm ABCD.
Since the decriminalisation of cannabis in 2015, Jamaica has permitted residents to grow up to five cannabis plants in their homes. The ownership of less than two ounces has been downsized to a negligible offence.
The administration has provided licenses to ranchers who grow marijuana for clinical, helpful, or logical purposes. As indicated by the US State Department, Jamaican ranchers consistently cultivate and develop 15,000 hectares of cannabis.
Medicinal cannabis was sanctioned across Mexico in 2017 – and is set to legalise recreationally sometime in 2020.
Mexico has one of the largest illicit cannabis markets in the world. As indicated by ArcView and BDS, recreational pot deals in Mexico are relied upon to reach $582 million by 2024, with an extra $441 million in clinical spending, for a combined $1.02 billion.
Their country has been ravaged by the consequences of the neighbouring USA’s ‘War on Drugs’ policymaking, which has been imported across the world. Today, criminal syndicates smuggle cannabis across the US-Mexico border, and federal agents on both sides do their best to track them down.
According to a report discharged by the UN Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), Morocco remains the world’s largest producer of cannabis. They process multiple times more than the runner up, Moldova.
Cannabis has continued to increase in economic prominence in Morocco – the report demonstrated that there was an expansion from 35,653 tons of yield in 2016 to 35,703 tons in 2017.
Nigerians smoke the most weed on planet Earth – over 20 million people regularly partake, there. The illicit cannabis market in Nigeria is predicted in excess of $15.3billion.
19.4 percent of over 15’s have smoked cannabis. 12 percent of people smoke weed, month to month.
This South American nation is at the centre of various landraces, and is infamous for its world-renowned cannabis genetics.
Paraguay sanctioned cannabis for therapeutic use in 2007; yet, a structure for realising the therapeutic cannabis industry was not endorsed by the government until 2018.
That year, the administration developed an ‘open doors’ policy for organisations hoping to develop cannabis for medicinal purposes. Additionally, the Senate supported another bill that permits cannabis for clinical use, if clients present approved testaments.
The Opium Act of the Netherlands states that cannabis plants are prohibited. This is in accordance with the many international treaties that the country has signed. However, small-scale cultivation and possession of cannabis has been tolerated in the Netherlands for many decades.
‘Coffee Shops’ have become the common meeting place for the Dutch to ‘get high’ on high-quality Dutch weed – the legality of these spaces has been enshrined within broader frameworks. As the cannabis culture across the world has developed greater awareness in the internet age, these cute little spots have become world-famous… on Instagram.
The United Kingdom
The UN’s International Narcotics Control Board acknowledged the UK as the largest exporter of medicinal cannabis across the world.
As per the International Narcotics Control Board (INCB), 95 tons of weed was exported from the UK in 2016 for therapeutic and logical use, representing 44.9 percent of the worldwide aggregate.
The cannabis-based medication ‘Sativex’ represents a noteworthy example of legal cannabis creation and is accessible as a remedy.
The United States of America
Marijuana is completely legal in 11 states across the USA, for adults above 21. It’s also lawful for clinical use in 33 states.
The US weed industry’s economic effect is anticipated to arrive at $77billion by 2022, as indicated by Marijuana Business Factbook, while considering gauge the business will create at any rate 330,000 occupations by 2022.
Aussies have always cultivated and smoked their fair share of cannabis. For the first time in decades, however, Australians are also beginning to back cannabis legalisation – the numbers do not lie.
Today, more Australians support the legalisation of cannabis (41%) than oppose it (37%). This is almost double the level of support displayed for cannabis legalisation as in 2007 (21%).
As the ideas of prohibition have popularised themselves, once-draconian laws have been slowly relaxed. In 2016, cannabis was permitted for medicinal use across Australia, for those with a prescription/license. In 2020, Canberra legalised cannabis for recreational use.
These new changes have only expanded the appeal of cannabis to regular Australians. We’re holding out for big changes to the overall scheduling scheme down under before the legal cannabis market can really ‘get going’.